Korean War Legacy Project

Interview Archive


Detailed Search

Note: not all fields required to perform search

Click "+" to display available tags from each category. Click each tag to filter your search by that tag; click again to remove the tag.

 Video Clip
 Full Interview

Choosing "Exact Match" will search for the exact string you have entered. "More Results" will return permutations of your phrase.

For example, a search for "prisoner of war" with the "More Results" option will return text with "prisoner" or "war".

 Was POW
 Air Force
 Coast Guard
 Marine Corps

Select tags from lists at right

Your search returned 49 results - showing results 1 - 20:

Esipion Abril Rodriguez

Video screen capture: Esipion Abril Rodriguez

Esipion Abril Rodriguez served in the Colombia army during the Korean War. He entered the military years before, in 1945, tasked with breaking up strikes. He went to Korea for a sense of adventure. In Korea, he served as part of the "Platoon of Tigers" that saw combat as part of Operation Nomad. This platoon saw many battles and did not lose a soldier while he was serving. One of the fiercest battles was El Chamizo. He is proud of his service and of how South Korea has helped Colombia recently with free trade. South Korea buys Colombian coffee that he is proud his country produces.

Read More »

Eduardo Arguello Montenegro

Video screen capture: Eduardo Arguello Montenegro

Eduardo Arguello Montenegro served in the Colombian army during the Korean War. He graduated high school so he could serve in the military. After high school, he volunteered for Korea to fight for the people. When he arrived in April of 1951, Korea had seen lots of fighting and destruction. Most of the action he participated in was near the 38th Parallel. He saw particular action at the engagement of Operation Nomad, a United Nations offensive. Operation Nomad was very brutal and costly to the UN forces. He has revisited Korea twice and has been extremely welcomed both times.

Read More »

Guidberto Barona Silva

Video screen capture: Guidberto Barona Silva

Admiral Guidberto Barona Silva served in the Colombian Navy during the Korean War. He served aboard the ARC Frigate Almirante Brion, originally named the USS Burlington. The primary role of the ship was to provide logistical support. They would escort essential military materials from Japan for combat in Korea. While serving, he learned the essential skill of anti-submarine warfare. This skill helped him with his career in the navy. The Colombian Navy learned invaluable skills of organization and management by participating in the Korean War. Since the war, he has revisited South Korea and believes all democracies across the world have been impacted by its success.

Read More »

Mario Bernal Avella

Video screen capture: Mario Bernal Avella

Mario Nel Bernal Avella served in the Colombian Army during the Korean War. He graduated from the Cadets Military Academy and volunteered to go to Korea to escape the guerrilla insurgency, La Violencia, that had engulfed Colombia at the time. He served in Korea from October 1951 to November 1952, which was during the stalemate portion of the war. At the Battle of Hill 400, Operation Climber, he led his men in battle and earned a Silver Star and a Bronze Star for courage. He remained in the military upon returning to Colombia and achieved the rank of Colonel. He has revisited the Republic of Korea and was surprised by the level of achievement of the country.

Read More »

Francisco Caicedo Montua

Video screen capture: Francisco Caicedo Montua

Francisco Caicedo Montua served in the Colombian army during the Korean War. He trained for the military for two years after high school and fought at Los Llanos during La Violencia. He then volunteered and arrived in Korea before the stalemate phase when the war was more tenuous. He was part of the Colombia Battalion that fought in over nine battles in North Korea. His platoon was nicknamed the “Platoon of the Tigers” for their fierceness in combat. The most well-known battle he engaged in was the Battle of Kumsong. He revisited Korea on several occasions and is amazed at how far Korea has come. His proudest moment during the war is that he accomplished all of his missions while not having one man die in combat. Francisco Caicedo Montua sirvió en el ejército colombiano durante la Guerra de Corea. Se entrenó para el ejército durante dos años después de la escuela secundaria y luchó en Los Llanos durante La Violencia. Francisco Caicedo Montua se ofreció como voluntario y llegó a Corea antes de la fase de estancamiento cuando la guerra era más difícil. Formó parte del Batallón Colombia que luchó en más de nueve batallas en Corea del Norte. Su pelotón fue apodado el "Pelotón de los Tigres" por su fiereza en el combate. La batalla más conocida en la que él participó fue la Batalla de Kumsong. Volvió a visitar Corea en varias ocasiones y está sorprendido por el avance de la economía en el país. Su momento de mayor orgullo durante la guerra es que cumplió todas sus misiones sin que un hombre muriera en combate.

Read More »

Jose Chisica Torres

Video screen capture: Jose Chisica Torres

José Ramón Chisica Torres se alistó en el ejército en 1952, en la ciudad de Bucaramanga para mantener económicamente a su familia. El fue un voluntario para ir a pelear en la Guerra de Corea porque quería conocer el país y las costumbres. Llegó a Corea en 1953, después del final de la guerra con la lema, “en guerra invisible, en paz preparados.” Lo primero que hicieron, fue ir al cementerio de Pusan donde estaban sepultados todos los compañeros que habían sido caídos en batalla. José ofrece un testimonió sobre las responsabilidades que tenían los soldados después del combate en Corea y el discute las condiciones del pueblo Coreano en esa época. José Ramón Chisica Torres enlisted in the army in 1952, in the city of Bucaramanga, as a way to provide for his family. He volunteered to fight in the Korean War because he wanted to get to know the country and its customs. He arrived in Korea in 1953, after the fighting had ceased, with the motto for the mission as “in war invincible, in peace prepared.” The first thing he did upon arrival was travel to the Busan cemetery where his comrades in the war were buried after being killed in action. José provides a firsthand account as to the duties of soldiers and conditions of the Korean people following the fighting of the Korean War.

Read More »

Juan Cortes Juardo

Video screen capture: Juan Cortes Juardo

Juan de Jesus Cortes Jurado voluntarily joined the military in 1951 and was sent to Korea in 1953. The travel to Korea was not easy and they arrived as the armistice was being signed. While there was not a lot of fighting while he was in Korea, there was a lot of devastation and poverty that remained. Juan Jurado recalls the hunger and desperation that he saw. He has not been back to Korea,but is aware of the tremendous political and economic growth that they have had in the country. Because of this, he is proud of his service and thankful for the way that Korea has appreciated all that helped to fight in the war.

Read More »

Carlos Cuestas Puerto

Video screen capture: Carlos Cuestas Puerto

Carlos Eduardo Cuestas Puerto served in the Colombian army during the Korean War. He lied to his family about joining the military. A sense of duty to protect a democratic country from falling communist is why he volunteered to fight in Korea. He fought at the front near Kumhwa in the Battle of Kumsong, Hill 400, Hill 180 and Battle of Bunker Hill. Carlos Eduardo Cuestas Puerto was a machine gunner in charge of the .50 caliber. He was in Korea during the Armistice. Weeks prior, he signed a document saying they would stop firing when the official Armistice was signed. Carlos Eduardo Cuestas Puerto is proud of the "discipline, dedication and pride" the Korean people had to rebuild their nation.

Read More »

Segundo De La Cruz

Video screen capture: Segundo De La Cruz

Segundo Miguel Angel de la Cruz served in the Colombian military during the Korean War. He volunteered for the military to gain a sense of excitement. He served at the well-known Battle of Old Baldy in March of 1953. At the Battle of Old Baldy, Segundo Miguel Angel de la Cruz saved a fellow soldier's life by carrying him off the battlefield. He earned five medals and four diplomas for his achievements during battle. His service came during the stalemate portion of the war, marked with intense fighting. Both sides were trying to gain ground to provide more bargaining at peace negotiations. He is aware and proud of the accomplishments that South Korea has experienced since the Armistice.

Read More »

Luis Dulce Figueroa

Video screen capture: Luis Dulce Figueroa

Luis Laureano Dulce Figueroa served in the Colombian army during the Korean War. His relatives in Colombia enrolled him in the army against his will. He fought guerrillas in Colombia during La Violencia before going to Korea. In Korea, Luis Laureano Dulce Figueroa served at the critical battle of Hill 180, providing the Allies a much-needed victory. Hill 180 is known for being a bayonet charge. During this battle, he went back for a wounded friend and saved his life. He also served at the Battle of Old Baldy. The Battle of Old Baldy was so intense many soldiers ran out of ammunition. Luis Laureano Dulce Figueroa has revisited Korea and is amazed at the transformation from wartime Korea.

Read More »

Nolasco Espinal Mejia

Video screen capture: Nolasco Espinal Mejia

Colonel Nolasco de Jesus Espinal Mejia served in the Colombian army during the Korean War. He was part of Operation Nomad when the United Nations pushed into North Korea. He led the "Platoon of the Tigers" at a hill nicknamed The Chamizo. Under heavy fighting, the platoon took the hill. Colonel Nolasco de Jesus Espinal Mejia earned a Silver Star for valor in battle. Earning a Silver Star helped with his military career, which ended in 1977 with a rank of Colonel. He has revisited Korea on four different occasions. His main hope is that Korea becomes a united country under a democratic government. 

Read More »